Lianne Smith from King’s College London Archives
Archives have records/papers from Senior Military personnel (I think I got that right?) [update 10th March 2013: thanks to David Underdown in the comments below for clarifying that Lianne was referring to the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives]
See Archives at KCL being innovative – and latest project is in Linked Data space.
Lianne is an archivist, not a technical specialist. 18 months ago, hadn’t heard of linked data – so a beginners view.
Context: Preparation for centenary of the start of the First World War – other institutions also doing work:
- www.1914.org (Imperial War Museums)
- www.europeana1914-1918.eu (Europeana)
- www.jiscww1discovery.net (JISC funded project based at Mimas)
KCL had already contributed to the latter of these.
Report had highlighted the problem of locating resources and searching across information sources – even within institutions. Report particularly noted that if content wasn’t surfaced in Google searches it was a lot less ‘discoverable’. Also lack of clear vocabulary for WWI materials – so wanted to establish a standard approach building on existing thesauri etc.
Also Triples to Trenches built on previous project funded by JISC – particularly “Open Metadata Pathway” and “Step Change” projects – creating easy to use tools which would enable archivists to publish linked open data within normal workflows and without specialist knowledge.
Aims of Trenches to Triples included:
- Creation of API to share data created using Alicat tool (output of Step Change project)
- Adaption of catalogu front end for visualistation of linked data entities
- Creation of Linked Data WWI vocabulary of peronal names, corporate name, place and subject terms – available for reuse by archives sector
- Also act as a case study of Linked Data in archives
Within Alicat Places are based on Google Maps data – which ‘makes it simpler’ [although the problem with using contemporary maps when the world changes...] [also note that looking at a Place 'record' on data.aim25.ac.uk there is a GeoNames link - wonder if this is where the data actually comes from? E.g. http://data.aim25.ac.uk/id/place/scapafloworkneyscotland]
Outcomes of project:
- Creation of WWI dataset and integration into AIM25-UKAT
- Lesons learned in the creation of the dataset concerning identification of the level of granularity required and the amount of staff time which needs to be invested in preparation
- different users have very different requirements in terms of granularity of data
- Team included WWI specialist academic – identified a good resource for battles – could reuse existing data
- Different users also use variation of terms in their research
- More work on the front-end (User facing UI) presentation of additional data
- Being able to integrate things like maps into UI is great
- Need to work more on what sort of information you want to communicate about entities – especially things like Names – unlike location where a map is obvious addition
- Need to increase the availability of resources as linked data
- need to increase understanding and training in the archives sector
- This approach is hugely reliant on understanding of the data – need archivists involved
- need ongoing collaboration from the LODLAM community in agreeing standards for Linked Data adoption